Our project “Cities Local Integration Policies” (CLIP) from 2006-2010, brought me to Spain, Greece and Sweden for fieldwork. I got to know the people in charge of migrant affairs in the cities really well and have warm memories about this cooperation. The project had a lot of impact.

Fourteen researchers worked closely with the city administrations of more than 30 cities all over Europe to analyse and compare their integration policies.  I was responsible for Amsterdam, Athens, Breda, Barcelona, Hospitalet, Malmo, Mataro and Terassa, and visisted most cities four times.  I talked to nearly everyone that has some thing to do with migrants, including officials, representatives of migrant associations, social workers, volunteers in NGO’s, labour unions, radio stations, and even banks.

The project had four rounds – 1) housing for migrants, 2) diversity policy, 3) inter-cultural and inter-religious dialogue, and 4) migrants entrepreneurship. Researcher and officials worked together to develop a report about policy implementation. At the CLIP conferences, results were presented, and the cities learned from each others.Each module yielded a final comparative report for all cities and recommendations in a policy brief. See the CLIP Info sheet for more information.

Besides CLIP, I was involved in the analysis of Amsterdams integration policies, namely in Amsterdam city district De Baarsjes and Amsterdam city district Oost.

CLIP network

In 2006, the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of the Council of Europe, the city of Stuttgart and Eurofound established a ‘European network of cities for local integration policies for migrants’ (CLIP). The network comprised of a steering committee, a group of expert European research centres and a number of European cities. In the subsequent two years the cities of Vienna and Amsterdam joined the CLIP Steering Committee. The network was  supported by the Committee of the Regions (CoR) and the Council of European Municipalities and Regions (CEMR). The CLIP network formed a partnership with the European Network Against Racism (ENAR).

Working methods

Through case studies, city reports and workshops the network enables local authorities to learn from each other and to deliver a more effective integration policy. The unique character of the CLIP network is that it organises a shared learning process between the participating cities, and a group of expert European research centres as well as between policy makers on the local and European level.

CLIP cities

The CLIP network brings together more than 30 large and medium sized cities from all regions of Europe and includes:

Amsterdam (NL), Arnsberg (DE), Antwerp (BE), Athens (GR), Diputaciò de Barcelona (ES), Bologna (IT), Breda (NL), Brescia (IT), Budapest (HU), Copenhagen (DK), Dublin (IE), Frankfurt (DE), Helsinki (FI), Istanbul (TR), Izmir (TR), Kirklees (UK), Lisbon (PT), Liège (BE), City of Luxembourg (LU), Matarò (ES), Malmö (SE), Prague (CZ), Sefton (UK), Stuttgart (DE), Sundsvall (SE), Tallinn (EE), Terrassa  (ES), Torino (IT), Turku (FI), Valencia (ES), Vienna (AT), Wolverhampton (UK), Wroclaw (PL), Zagreb (HR), Zurich (CH).

Researchers : Anja van Heelsum, Rinus Penninx (IMES, Amsterdam), Wolfgang Bosswick, Doris Lüken-Klaßen; Friedrich Heckmann (EFMS, Bamberg), Sarah Spencer (Compass, Oxford), Marco Martinello, Sonia Gsir (CEDEM, Liege) and Heinz Fassman, Josef Kohlbacher (ESR, Vienna), Tiziana Caponio, Irene Ponzo (FIERRI, Turino), Patrycja Matusz (Institute of International Studies, Wroclaw) and Heaven Crawley (Centre for Migration Policy Research, Swansea).

Commissioner: European Foundation for the Improvement of Living and Working Conditions (Eurofound)

Output:

Every round of this project produced 30 case study reports,  a comparative overview report, and a good. practice guide. These reports were initially published on the EUROFOUND and EUKN websites, but when years past, they were removed. If you are interested in one of the case study reports, please ask the reseracher by email.

Case studies in Module I – Policies on Housing and Neighbourhood

  • Eurofound (2008), Housing and Integration of Migrants in Europe: good practice guide, Dublin: Eurofound Publication Office | download
  • Bosswick, W., D. Lüken-Klaßen & F. Heckmann, together with the CLIPresearch team (2007) Housing and integration of migrants in Europe, Comparative report. Dublin: Eurofound | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2007) The Case Study on Housing in Terrassa, Spain , Eurofound (37 p) | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2007) The Case Study on Housing in Amsterdam, The Netherlands, Eurofound (45 p) | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2007) The Case Study on Housing in Breda, The Netherlands, Eurofound (31 p) | download

Case Studies on Module II – Diversity Policies

  • Spencer, S. together with the CLIP research team (2008), Equality and diversity in jobs and services: city policies for migrants in Europe, Comparative Report. Dublin: Eurofound | download
  • Eurofound (2008) Equality and diversity in jobs and services: city policies for migrants in Europe: a good practice guide, Dublin: Eurofound Publication Office | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) The Case Study on Diversity in Malmö, Sweden, Eurofound (32 p) | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) The Case Study on Diversity in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Eurofound (38 p) | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) The Case Study on Diversity in Breda, The Netherlands, Eurofound (30 p) | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) The Case Study on Diversity in Mataro, Spain, Eurofound (25 p)  | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) The Case Study on Diversity in Terrassa, Spain, Eurofound (30 p) | download

Case Studies in Module III – Policies on Intercultural and Interreligious Dialogue

  • Lücken-Klaßen, D., F. Heckmann and the CLIP research team (2010), Intercultural Policies in European cities, Comparative Report Dublin: Eurofound (199 pages) | Download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2009) The Case Study on Intercultural and Interreligious Policies in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Dublin: Eurofound (59 p) | download   (and formerly published on the EUKN website and published on the Eurofound website)
  • Heelsum, A. van (2009) The Case Study on Intercultural and Interreligious Policies in Breda, the Netherlands, Dublin: Eurofound (52 p) | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2009) The Case Study on Intercultural and Interreligious Policies in Terrassa, Spain, Dublin: Eurofound (51 p) | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2009) The Case Study on Intercultural and Interreligious Policies in Hospitalet, Spain, Dublin: Eurofound (48 p) | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2011) ‘Local policies of European cities on de-radicalisation’, Paper presented at the IMISCOE conference 7-10 Sept in Warsaw, Poland | download
  • Heelsum, A. van & F. Vermeulen (2017) ‘Cities’ Policies: the work of European cities to counter Muslim radicalisation’, Journal of International Migration and Integration (JIMI) 1-19. DOI: 10.1007/s12134-017-0533-1.

Case studies in Module IV – Policies on Ethnic Entrepreneurship

  • Rath, J. and others (2011) Promoting Entrepreneurship in European Cities, Comparative Report. Dublin: Eurofound | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2010) Cities Local Integration policies: Ethnic Entrepreneurship in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, Dublin: Eurofound | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2010) Cities Local Integration policies: Ethnic Entrepreneurship in Athens, Greece, Dublin: Eurofound | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2010) Cities Local Integration policies: Ethnic Entrepreneurship in Terrassa, Spain, Dublin: Eurofound | download
  • Heelsum, A. van, Cities Local Integration policies: Ethnic Entrepreneurship in Breda, the Netherlands, Dublin: Eurofound | download

Presentations and papers about CLIP

  • Heelsum, A. van (2010) ‘Amsterdam’s policy reaction in a context of turmoil with Moroccan youngsters and Muslim radicalization’, in: N. Verloo (ed.), De Tasjesdief, lessen uit een tragedie (Serie: Buurten, Spanningen en Conflicten, Casus editie, nummer 1), Amsterdam: Amsterdam Centrum voor Conflict Studies, p. 39-41.
  • Heelsum, A. van (2011) ‘Cities local integration policies on housing in Amsterdam’, presentation for a Finnish delegation from Turku, at 15 September 2011, Amsterdam
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) ‘Cities Local integration policies: CLIP 2006-2008’, presentation in the IMES Seminar University of Amsterdam, the Netherlands, 6 May 2008.
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) ‘Cities Local integration policies: a comparison of Amsterdam and Terrassa’, paper for the IMISCOE conference in Bilbao, Spain, 9-11 September.
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) ‘Cities Local integration policies: a comparison of Amsterdam and Terrasssa’, paper for the Metropolis conference in Bonn, Germany, 28-31 October 2008
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) ‘Lokaal integratiebeleid in Europa’, Synthese (6) 3, 9-10

 

The local policies of city district De Baarsjes in Amsterdam: stimulating social capital of isolated immigrant women

Researcher: Anja van Heelsum
Commissioner: City District de Baarsjes Amsterdam

The development of independent functioning in society and social capital of 40 migrant women is followed for four years. The women started unemployed and often isolated. City district ‘De Baarsjes’ organised a project called ‘Meedoen’ (taking part!) to stimulate isolated welfare recipients to become more active and integrated in the neighbourhood. The city district hopes that the support in solving problems, and the courses and activities help them to develop into more active and less isolated citizens. The research focuses on the development of the women and on the the question whether or not (slight) force is acceptable for this target group.

Publications

  • Heelsum, A. van (2009) ‘Participation and building citizenship’, paper presented on March 30, 2009 at the ISHSS, Amsterdam | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2009) Sociaal Kapitaal van vrouwen in de Baarsjes, Eindrapport na de vierde ronde, Amsterdam: IMES/Stadsdeel De Baarsjes | download
  • Heelsum, A. van (2008) Sociaal Kapitaal van vrouwen in de Baarsjes, derde ronde, Amsterdam: IMES/Stadsdeel De Baarsjes
  • Heelsum, A. van (2007) Sociaal Kapitaal van vrouwen in de Baarsjes, tweede ronde, Amsterdam: IMES/Stadsdeel De Baarsjes
  • Heelsum, A. van (2006) Sociaal Kapitaal van vrouwen in de Baarsjes, eerste ronde, Amsterdam: IMES/ Stadsdeel De Baarsjes

 

Evaluation of of the ‘Minority Policy’ of city district East Amsterdam (1st evaluation: 1998-1999, 2nd evaluation: 2003)

Researchers: Rick Wolff, Anja van Heelsum and Rinus Penninx
Commissioner: City District East Amsterdam

The local ‘minority policy’ of the City District Council of East Amsterdam was evaluated here and especially the funtioning of the local board where migrant associations and governers meet, the “BOMO”. Interviews were held with all representatives in that council, the migrant organisations and the local service providers and we looked at the communication between these organisations. A advice was formulated to add certain missing elements.

  • Wolff, R., R. Penninx en A. van Heelsum (1999), Erkend, aangesproken, aanspreekbaar? Evaluatie van het migranten beleid van Stadsdeel Oost en de participatie van organisaties van migranten 1996-1998, Amsterdam: Rapport Stadsdeel Oost | download
  • Heelsum A. van & R. Penninx, Evaluating integration and participation policies for immigrants and minorities in an Amsterdam district: Oost. UNESCO MOST report Amsterdam, Liege: MPMC, chapter 4, pp 38-44 | download
  • Heelsum A. van & R. Penninx (2003) Advies Migrantenbeleid Stadsdeel Oost/Watergraafsmeer, tweede rapport vier jaar later voor Stadsdeel Oost. Amsterdam: IMES.
  • Reeve, T. (2006) Evaluation of the policy of Stadsdeel Oost, master thesis in the MES program UvA.